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Monday, October 24, 2011

Happy Halloween!

Biarum marmiense-wonderful little jack in the pulpit.

Colchicum autumnale 'White Waterlilly'

First Frost Night-October 24th-2011

You have to excuse my brief mid fall absence from blog updates. In the interest of doing my part for energy conservation i've been installing a ducless heat pump. I have to take a moment to sell these. Absolutely the most efficient source of electrical heat you can get. If you don't have gas to your house, this is the way to go. They have been in Europe and Asia for almost 20 years, but typical America is slow to catch on. My little house is circa 1932 farmhouse, when the previous owners remodeled they removed the wood stove and put in cadet wall heaters. These are highly inefficent and frankly scary to operate as you never know when they will start shooting flaming sparks out onto your carpet. Now my house is toasty warm and I'm paying a very slight fraction of what I used to pay.......Saving Salmon and staying warm this winter. It's a Fujitsu 12 RLS in case you are interested.

Sternbergia lutea-Jane has this one labeled as "small form"

Colchicum tenori

More coming soon, but it's getting late and I'm tired!

Wednesday, September 21, 2011

Autumnal Equinox Bloomers

Colchicum 'Oktoberfest'
This one hit it right on the nose, the big Oktoberfest celebration in the Willamette Valley takes place in Mt. Angel, home to the  Mt. Angel Abbey and now celebrating it's 45th year of oompah bands and bratwurst. The huge goblets of pink are really quite a site on this hybrid and they seem to know exactly when the lager will be flowing because they started blooming two days before the celebration. I know it's of German origins but does anyone know it's parentage?
Colchicum alpinum
Just trying to capture the color a little better, this one taken while adjusting the aperature down a notch or two and the exposure compensation up. I think the haze that has been hanging in the valley from the numerous mountain wildfire's has really changed the color on these late summer photo's, it's like a built in filter.

Colchicum bivonae 'Apollo"
Delightfully tessalated, or checkered. I must apologize for the coloring on these photos, I've been moving the aperature down a few steps and I try to make it out the bulb house every evening to shoot whats new, but the flat late summer light and probably my pretty cheap camera seems to turn the pinks to purples.
Colchicum 'Glory of Heemstede'.......Hmmmm is this name correct or is it just a really lame name for a flower?  I mean, Ya, Ya, it's a town in the Netherlands and we all know how important that place is to commercial bulb growers. But did you know that it was the home to George Clifford who hired linneaus to catalog his plant collection a long time ago?.....we all know what linneause did for post and modern horticulture.
Colchicum confusum
I think this one is from Greece, please correct me if I'm wrong. I don't have a big library of bulb literature, and what I do have is hopelessly out of date, But I do love sitting down and observing these plants for a good bit of time in the alpine house. I don't measure stamen length or count petals I just like to look and see what the overall complexity of the specimen has to offer.

Colchicum byzantinum 'album'
Again just messing around with the exposure compensation, by this point the fires have died out a bit and the haze has lifeted from the valley. The colors are once again clearer and brighter.

Tuesday, September 6, 2011

The Fall bloomers have started

Acis valentina-blooming September 6th. Spain, said to be barely in cultivation. I really like this plant, it's tall stems, and delicate white petals seem rather out of place emerging from a dry pot in the late summer. It so much more looks like spring.

Colchicum byzantinum 'album'-The original species dates back to 1601 when Charles de LeCluse, whose name was latinized to Clusius named it. Said to be of possible hybrid origins between C. autumnale and C. cilicicum.
Colchicum hierosolymitanum Isreali species, quite heavily studied for it's Colchicine content which is used in the pharmecutical industry to treat rhuematism and gout. It's also used by plant breeders to induce polypoidy in plants, whereby the plants treated with colchicine will contain double the number of chromosomes in the embryo, leading to larger, sturdier or more vigorous plants.

Prospero intermedia-Dainty, but a real "looker" up close. Seems to be getting tossed around, formerly Scilla.

Colchicum alpinum-Alpine Saffron, European species. All of these pictures were taken the first week of September 2011. Temperatures in the lower 90's for most of the week. The summer that wouldn't arrive decided to show up when the kiddo has to go back to school.

Saturday, September 3, 2011

A few more spring bloomers

Fritillaria liliacea- wonderful, early Californian, I really do
like the native left coast species.

Fritillaria hermonis ssp. amana

Fritillaria fleischeriana X aurea

Fritillaria biflora x purdyi, one of my all time favorites, this hybrid originated in Janes bulb frames.

Iris graeberiana 'Yellow Falls'

Tulipa cretica-The 1938, 3 volume Hardy Bulbs, by Charles Hervey Grey has this to say about it: "A native of Crete on high mountains, in stony places.......It Flowers in April and is an attactive little plant, very scarce in cultivation."

Sunday, February 27, 2011

Introducing Illahe Nursery and Gardens Rare Bulbs

Illahe Nursery and Gardens

My  little nursery is located in the South Salem hills at an elevation of about 600'. In following the sage advice of "buyer beware", I found the remains of a small cherry orchard, with a nearly 100 year old farm house on it, too good to pass up. Of course all of us gardeners research the long term weather data associated with such an important purchase as to where to locate a nursery business.

Bulb Frames and greenhouse after a late February storm

 Mine just happens to be in a hung valley, located near one of the highest points in the area. As it happens this little hung valley, is also a wind tunnel, as wind columns rise over the South Salem Appalachia and plummet into the surrounding Albany lowlands. Yes, I will be installing a wind generator at some point to harness this energy. Let's see, did I mention the frost pocket? Hung valley being a key word here, at close to 600' in elevation, and having an aspect that puts most of the property in the lee of the southward facing slopes. Its a wicked frost pocket micro climate. It will snow here when it is just raining everywhere within a 40 mile radius, it will freeze here when it is much warmer just several hundred feet lower in elevation. But of course, this was all researched well ahead of time and factored in to the design of the nursery.......Ya, that's not really the case, I saw it, I fell in love with it, and I bought it.

Crocus biflorus ssp. pulchricolor

But in a twist of fate that I have found my life has a prevalence towards, it turns out this cold, windy, little hilltop valley produces some of the best plants I have ever grown. I grew alpines for some years in a small residential backyard in Portland, Oregon. I would struggle with the challenging ones, Townsendias and Eritrichiums I had nurtured and coddled would suddenly turn to mush overnight in the warm, windless confines of a South East Portland backyard.
Nursery and Gardens in late summer
So here I am with a lovely location, a huge stock of rare bulbs and a once again growing collection of alpines that flourish here. I hope to publish pictures of the bulbs as they come into bloom in the garden with information that one might find useful, here in this blog. I hope it to serve as a companion to the catalog that will be out in the fall of 2011.
Fritillaria kotschyana

So a little bit about myself and my passion for horticulture. It began many years ago as an eccentric uncle sold some property he had in Baja and bought 20 acres on the island of Kauai. He started a palm tree plantation growing huge specimen palms some upwards of 30' tall to sell to the resorts seeking an instant landscape. I worked summers there as a child, sometimes weed eating the grass that you could  literally watch grow between the rows of cultured palms. Kauai is one of the wettest places in the world, and upwards of 600 inches per year fall on the mountain tops of the north shores' Na Pali coast. As time passed and my abilities grew I graduated from weed management to nicking and sowing palm seeds in the shade house. My uncle would come in with a fresh batch of seed that he had travelled days through the jungles of South America or Madagascar to harvest. His stories of having the only seed of this palm in the trade, and how he had survived robbers, venomous snakes, angry natives, and all the treacherous inhabitants of the jungle rain forests sparked the imagination of a young 14 year old tasked with sowing hundreds of these rare treasures.

So it was early on that I learned that some plants have a value not necessarily for beauty alone but so much more for the rarity and the story behind the plant. An appreciation for the uncommon was born there that has never withered. 
Darlingtonia californica and Cypripedium californicum blooming together 30 miles from the nearest road in the Kalmiopsis wilderness

Time passed on and I knew as I finished up high school that I would like to do something with plants. Science and biology were the two subjects I most cared for whilst stuck in the confines of the public school system. Once freed to pursue the subjects I could choose in college, I delved deep into botany and biology.
Fritillaria kittaniae

My University experience took me to the foothills of the Bridger mountains to study biotechnology at Montana State. It was there while extracting virus resistant genes from a thousand different accessions of spring wheat, that I discovered I was much happier in the greenhouse and field than stuck behind a microscope in the laboratory. It was back to Oregon State university to finish with a degree in Ornamental Horticulture.

Iris aucheri

Enter here again the twisted hand of fate, I walked away from school with a head full of knowledge mostly geared towards the operation of those massive production scale nurseries that churn out a billion pansies and petunias a year. As luck would have it, a local Portland botanical garden, specializing in the rare and uncommon, found my abilities as an intern were worth paying for and I was hired as the propagator at the  Rae Selling Berry Botanic Garden. Jack Poff, the aging old wizard who had gardened for Rae herself took me under his wing. His sage advice when I walked through the door on my first day was "Get Propagation of Alpines, by L.D. Hills, read it and then do everything it says". I procured a copy and attacked the massive collection of alpine plants at the garden, combining the ageless wisdom of Mr. Hills treatise, Jacks' sage advice and the production scale techniques that I had borrowed lots of government money to learn. This environment was absolutely perfect for a budding propagator, a largely neglected collection of rare plants, a great facility to propagate with, and every so often a knowledgeable assortment of Portlands Horticultural patrons would stop by and offer suggestions or nod at plants that they wanted to see on the sale table.
Fritillaria striata

It was in this environment that I first met Jane McGary. I believe it was at a meeting of the Columbia-Willamette chapter of the North American Rock Garden Society. I was extended an invitation to visit her estate garden up on the flanks of Mt. Hood. After seeing her magnificent bulb collection, I knew the true meaning of a "passion for flowers". Most everything I saw that day were specimens I was seeing for the first time ever. Now granted the Willamette Valley is known as a minor bulb producer in the grand scheme, and I have been to the wooden shoe Tulip festival to see acres of Darwins, Double Early's, Lily flowered and Parrot Hybrids. All those rows of carmine red and buttercup yellow couldn't compare to a single sinister specimen of Fritillaria obliqua. I stood mesmerized by the sheer magnitude and depth of her collection.

Crocus pestallozae emerging from the February cold

Over the years my career took many twists and turns, taking me from a propagator, to helping manage the gardens and grounds at Edgefield, nursery hand at a Japanese maple and conifer nursery, landscape designer, groundskeeper on 120 year old school campus, carpenter, lab technician, bedding plant producer and finally to my current job restoring Willamette Valley wetlands and riparian habitat and building raingardens and bioswales on a municipal scale. Along this winding road I had the fortune of working in Jane's garden. Sometimes I would move mulch piles and sometimes I would move rocks for her ever expanding rock garden. She was always willing to take a break and go and look over the bulb frames and share her knowledge and stories about the bulbs.

Narcissus vilkommii

What an honor it is to have been entrusted with continuing Jane'sannual fall offering of bulbs! I hope you bear with me as the nursery grows, the bulbs settle in, and the list develops.

Cheers to a warm spring!

Mark Akimoff
Illahe Nursery and Gardens
Rare Bulbs
Salem, Oregon